Ep.40 DEPRESSION & SUICIDE: RISING GLOBAL TREND & THAILAND’S CASE
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"First on air 9 April 2022"

Depression, also known as major depressive disorder, is characterized by constant feeling of sadness and deprivation of interest or pleasure in activities that one normally finds enjoyable. Depressed people would experience a wide range of symptoms which might include poor concentration; a strong sense of guilt; decreased self-esteem; despair about the future; thoughts of committing suicide; changes in sleep patterns, appetite or weight; and frequent fatigue. In 2019, Global Health Data Exchange, the world’s most exhaustive health database located in the United States, recorded 280 million people who suffered from depression around the world, which showed a growth of 100 million compared to incidences recorded about 30 years ago in 1990. In Thailand, approximately one in every 38 Thais of all ages and genders had depression in 2019, a proportion nearly doubling from that in 1990. What makes depression a key health issue of concerns is that it could lead to suicidal attempt. Discussing the issues of depression and suicide are Asst. Prof. Dr. Kullaya Pisitsungkagarn, a clinical psychologist and lecturer at Faculty of Psychology, Chulalongkorn University, and Dr. Patanon Kwansanit, a psychiatrist at Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry under Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health.